Karl Marx'ın Capital, A Critical Analysis of Capitalist Productuon, Volume III, (Progress Publishers, Moscow 1974) adlı yapıtını İngilizcesinden Alaattin Bilgi dilimize çevirmiş, ve kitap, Kapital, Ekonomi Politiğin Eleştirisi, Üçüncü Cilt, adı ile, Sol Yayınları tarafından Şubat 1990 (Birinci baskı: Ağustos 1978) tarihinde yayınlanmıştır.

Eriş Yayınları tarafından düzenlenmiştir.
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KAYNAKLAR DİZİNİ

     
      YAZARLAR
     
A

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      ARND, Karl. Die naturgemässe Volkswirtsehaft, gegenüber dem Monopoliengeiste und dem Kommunismus, mit einem Rückblicke auf die einschlagende Literatur, Hanau 1845. -319-320.
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C

      CAlRNES, J. E. The Slave Power: its character, career and probable designs etc., London 1862. -337,
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      CORBET, Thomas. An lnquiry into the Causes, and Modes of the Wealth of lndividuals, or the principles of trade and speculation explained. London 1841. -150, 154, 165, 270.

D

      DUREAU DE LA MALLE, A. J. Economie politique des romains, Paris 1840. -95.

E

      ENGELS Friedrich. Die Lage der arbeitenden Klasse in England. Nach eigner Anschauung und authenlischen Quellen, Leipzig 1845, -680.
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F

      FELLER, Dr. F. E und QDERMANN, Dr. C. G. Das Ganze der kaufmännischen Arithmetik, Für Handels-Real- und Gewerbeschulen, so wie zum Selbstunterricht für Geschäftsmänner überhaupt (1842), 7. Auflage Leipzig 1859. -275.
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G

      GILBART, William James. The History and Principles of Banking, London 1834 -298, 356, 357, 540.
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H

      HAMlLTON, Robert. An Inquiry Conceming the Rise and Progress, the Redemption and Present State and the Management of the National Debt of Great Britain, 2nd ed., Edinburgh 1814. -347.
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      HEGEL, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich. Grundlinien der Philosophie des Rechts, oder Naturrecht und Staatswissenschaft im Grundrisse. In Werke, published by Dr. Eduard Gans, 7th ed., Berlin 1840. -545.
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J

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K

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L

      LAING, Samuel, National Distress; its Causes and Remedies, London 1844. -680.
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      LUZAC, E. Hollands Rijkdom, Behelzende den Oorsprong van den Koophandel, en von de Magt van dezen Staat etc., Leyden 1782. -281.

M

      MACAULAY, Th. B. The History of England. From the accession of Jaines the Second, Vol. 4, London 1857. -534.
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      MANLEY, Thomas. Interest of Money Mistaken, or a treatise, proving that the abatement of interest is the effect and not the cause of the riches of a nation and thut six per cent is a proportionable interest to the present conditions of Kingdom, London 1668. -533.
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      Kitap II [İkinci Cilt] -11, 13, 16, 31, 45, 51, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 107, 237, 248, 254, 265, 268, 300, 393, 396, 426, 4 70, 498. 680, 727, 734, 735, 739.
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      MASSIE, Joseph. An Essay on the Governing Causes of the Natural Rate of Interest etc. London 1750. -310, 316, 319, 321.
      MILL, John Stuart. Essays on Some Unsettled Questions of Political Economy, London 1844. -770.
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      MOMMSEN, Theodor. Römische Geschichte, 2. Auflage, Berlin 1856 bis 1857. -283, 338, 692.
      MORTON, J. C. On the Forces used in Agriculture. Report rnade at the Society of Arts. In Journal of the Socieıy of Arts. December 9, 1859. -556.
      MORTON, John Lockhart. The Resources of Estates: being a treaitse on the agricullural improvement and general managemen of landed property, London 1858. -556, 595.
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N

      NEWMAN, Francis William. Lectures on Political Economy, LOııdoıı 1851. - 527, 580, 680.,
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O

      O'CONNOR, Charles. Speech on December 19, 1859. In New York Daily Tribune, December 20, 1859. -339.
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P

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      PRlCE, Richard. An Appeal to the Public on the Subject of the National Debt (1772), 2nd ed., London 1774. -346, 347.
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      PROUDHON, P. J. Bkz: BASTlAT.

R

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      RODBERTUS-JAGETZOW, Karl. Soziale Briefe an von Kirchmann. pritter Brief: Widerlegung der Ricardoschen Lehre von der Grundrente und Bergründung einer neuen Rententheorie, Berlin 1851. -684.
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      RUBICHON, Maurice. Du mécanisme de la société en France et en Angleterre (1833). New edition, Paris 1837. - 556.

S

      SAINT-SIMON. Nouveau Christianisme, dialogues entre un conservateur et un novateur, Paris 1825. -535, 536.
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      STORCH, Henri. Cours d'economie politique, ou exposition des principes qui diterminent la prosperite des nations, St. Peterburg 1815. -165, 726, 742.
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T

      THIERS, Adolphe. De la propriete, Paris 1848. -551.
      THUN, Alphons. Die Industrie am Niederrhein und ihre Arbeiter, Leipzig 1879. -788.
      TOOKE, Thomas. A History of Prices, and of the State of the Circulation, from 1793 to 1837; preceded by a brief sketch of the state of the corn trade in the last two centuries, London 1838. -325.
      - An Inquiry into the Currency Principle; the connection of the currency with prices and the expediency of a separation of issue from banking, 2nd ed., London 1844. -312, 326, 353, 355, 388, 391, 392.
      - A History of Prices and of the State of the Circulation from 1839 to 1847 inclusive,. with a genefal review of the currency question etc., London 1848. -317.
      - and NEWMARCH, William. A History of Prices and of the State of the Circulation during the nine years 1848-1856, London 1857. -708.
      TORRENS, Robert. An Essay on the Production of Wealth with an Appendix, in which the Principles of Political Economy are applied to the actual circumstances of this country, London 1821. -41. On the operation of the Bank Charter Act of 1844 etc., 2nd ed., London1847.-311.
      TUCKETT, J. D. A History of the Past and Present State of the Labouring Population, including the progress of agriculture, manufactures and commerce, shewing the extremes of opulence and destitution among the operative classes with practical means for their employment and future prosperity, London 1846. -532.

U

      URE, Andrew. Philosophie des manufactures ou economie industrielle de la fabrication du cotton, de la laine, du lin et de la soie, avec la description des diverses machines employées dans les alelie anglais (Translation of Philosophy of Manufactures etc., London 1835.). Paris 1836 -340.

V

      VERRI, Pietro. Meditazioni sulla Economia Politica. In Scrittori Classici Italiani di Economia Politica, Parte Moderna,Vol. 15, Milano 1804. -246.
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      VISSERING, S. Handboek van Praktische Staathuishoudkunde, Amsterdam 1860 bis 1865. -279, 281.

W

      WAKEFlELD, Edward Gibbon. England and America. A colparison of the social and political state of both nations, London 1833. -665.
      WALTON, Alfred A. History of the Landed. Tenures of Great Britain and Ireland, from the Norman conquest to the present time, London 1865. -548, 549.
      WEST, Edward. Essay on the Application of Capital to Land etc. By a Fellow of University College Oxford, London 1815. -215.
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      ANONİMLER
     
      The City or the Physiology of London Business. With sketches on change, and at the coffee houses,
(David Morier Evans.) London 1845. 342.
      Competition and Co-operation,
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      The Currency theory Reviewed in a letter to the Scottish People on the menaced interference by Govemment with the existing system of banking in Scotland. By a Banker in England
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      Doctrine de Saint-Simon. Exposition. Premiere annee.
1828-1829. (Enfantin.) 3rd ed., Paris 1831. -536.
      An Inquiry into those Principles Respecting the Nature of Demandand the Necessity of Consumption, lately advocated by Mr. Malthus.
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      Observations on Certain Verbal Disputes in Political Economy, particularly relating to value, and to demand and supply.
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      Religion Saint-Simonienne. Economie politique et Politique Articles extraits au Globe.
(Enfantin), Paris 1831. -535, 537.
      Some Thoughts of the Interest on England. By a Lover of Commerce.
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      The Theory of the Exchange. The Bank Charter Act of
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      The Three Prize Essays on Agriculture and the Corn Law., Published by the National Anti-Corn-Law League.
(George Hope, W. R. Grey, Arthur Morse.) Manchester, London 1842. - 554.

     
      GAZETE VE DERGİLER
     
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      Daily News,
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      - December 15, 1892. -419, 420.
      - January 18, 1894. -481.
      Die Neue Zeit,
XI. Jahrg., Bd. 1893. (Essay by Conrad Schmidt.) -20.
      Economist,
March 18, 1845. -386.
      - May 22, 1847. -479, 518, 519, 520, 521.
      - August 2, 1847. -522.
      - October 23, 1847.-499.
      - November 20, 1847. -388, 442.
      - December 11, 1847. -507.
      - November 30, 1850. -524.
      - January 11, 1851. -523.
      - January 22, 1853. -316.
      - July 19, 1859. -348.
      Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik, publishedby
J. Conrad.
      - 1885, Neue Folge, Bd. XI. (Essay by W. Lexis.} -17.
      - 1890, Neue Folge, Bd. XX. (Essay by Achille Loria.) -24.
      - 1891, III. Folge, Bd. II. (Essay by Juiius Wo1f.)-22.
      - 1892. III. Folge, Bd. III. (Essay by Peter Fireman.) -20.
      Joumal of the Society of Arts,
Vol. VII, No. 368, London, December 9, 1859. (Report by J. C. Morton.) -556.
      Manchester Guardian,
November 24, 1847. -360.
      Morning Star.
December 14, 1865. (Speech by JohnBright.) -558.
      New York Daily Tribune,
December 20, 1859. (Speech by O'Connor.) - 339.
      Nuova Antologia,
April 1883. (Essay by Achille Loria.) -23.
      - February 1895. (Essay by Achille Loria.) -781.
      Revue des Deux Mondes,
1842. (Essay by Coquelin.) -353.
      - 1848, (Essay by Forcade.) -740.
      Times,
London, December 3, 5, 7, 1857. -388.
      Edinburgh Review.
-685.

     
      PARLAMENTO RAPORLARI VE ÖTEKİ RESMİ YAYINLAR
     
      Anno Vicesimo Sexto Georgii III. Regis. Caput XXXI. An Act for vesting certain Sums in Commissioners, at the End of every Q\larter of a year, to be by them applied to the Reduction of the National Debt (1786). -348.
      First Report on Children's Employment in Mines and Collieries,
April 21, 1829. -82.
      Coal mine Accidents. Abstract of Retum to an Address of the Honourable the House of Commons dated
3 May 1861, etc. - Ordered, by the H. of C., to be Printed, 6 February 1862, -82.
      First Report from the Select Committee of the House of Lords on the Sweating System; together with the Proceedings of the Committee, Minutes of Evidence.
Ordered, by the H. of C., to be Printed, 11 August 1888. -295.
      Public Health Sixth Report of the Medical Officer of the Privy Council. With Appendix,
1863, London 1864. -85, 86, 87, 88, 89.
      Report from the Select Committee on Bank Acts; together with the Proceedings of the Committee, Minutes of Evidence, Appendix and Index.
Ordered, by the House of Commons, to be Printed, 30 July 1857. Part I. Report of Evidence. -365, 369, 370, 371, 373, 374,375, 376, 377, 380, 381, 382, 383, 384, 398, 437, 439, 440, 443, 444, 450, 451, 453, 459, 462, 463, 464, 465, 467, 468, 469, 470, 471, 472, 473,. 474, 475, 476, 477, 478, 479, 480, 481, 485, 486, 487,' 488, 489, 490, 491, 492, 493, 494, 495, 496, 497, 498, 499, 500, 502, 503, 504, 505, 506, 507, 508, 509, 510, 512, 513, 514, 515, 516, 517, 518, 680.
      - Part II, Appendix and Index. -462, 488.
      Report from the Select Committee on the Bank Acts; together with the Proceedings of the Committee, Minutes of Evidence, Appendix and Index.
Ordered, by the House of Commons, to be Printed, 1 July 1858.- 16, 421, 430, 440, 442, 463, 464.
      First Report from the Secret Committee on Commercial Distress; with the Minutes of Evidence.
Ordered, by the House of Commons, to be Printed, 8 June 1848. -16, 356, 362, 363, 364, 367, 368, 415,419;430,431,452,478..
      Report from the Secret Committee of the House of Lords,
Appointed to Inquire into the Causes of the Distress which has for some time prevailed among the commercial classes, and how far it has been affected by the Iaws for regulating the issue of bank-notes payable on demand. Together with the Minutes of Evidence and an Appendix. Ordered, by the House of Commons, to be Printed, 28 July 1848.
      - Reprinted 1857. -16, 364, 365, 371, 465, 466, 467, 489, 493, 494, 495, 504.
      Reports of the Inspectors of Factories, etc.
-553.
      - for the half-year ending 31st October, 1845,
London 1846. -113.
      - for 31st October
1846, London1847. - 113.
      - for 31st October
1847, London 1848. - 114.
      - for 31st October
1848, London 1849. - 74,99.
      - for 30th April
1849, London 1849. - 115.
      - for 31st October
1849, London 1850. -115,
      - for 30th April 1850,
London 1850. - 101, ı 15.
      - for 31st October 1850,
London 1851. - 112, 115.
      - for 30th April 1851,
London 1851.-112.
      - for 31st October
1852, London 1853. - 89,92.
      - for 30th April 1853,
London 1853. - 116.
      - for 31st October
1853, London 1854. - 116.
      - for 30th Apri/
1854, London 1854. - 116.
      - for 31st October
1855, London 1856. - 83.
      - for 31st October
1858, London 1859. - 74,111,112.
      - for 30th Apri/ 1859,
London 1859. -116.
      - for 31st October
1859, London 1860. - 116.
      - for 30th April1860,
London 1860. '- 116.
      - for 31st October 1860,
London 1861. - 117.
      - for 30th Apri/
1861, London 1861. - 85,117,118.
      - for 31st October
1861, London 18ô2. - 117.
      - for 30th April,
1862,. London 1862. - 85, 118.
      - for 31st October
1862, London 1863. - 74,94, 117, 119.
      - for 30th April l863.
London 1863, -119.
      - for 31st October 1863,
London 1864. - 83, 93, 94, 101, 118, 120, 121, 123.
      - for 30th April1864,
London 1864. - 118, 122.



YAZINSAL, İNCİLSEL VE MİTOLOJİK
ADLAR

        Abel - Tevrat'taki kişilerden; Adem'in oglu. - 767.
        Adem - Tevrat'taki kişilerden. - 118, 610, 614, 729.
        Antaeus (Antus) - Eski Yunan efsane devlerinden biri, Deniz Tanrısı Poseidon ile Yer Tanrısı Gaea'nın oğlu; karada annesi ile ilişki halindeyken onu kimse yenemez; Herkül onu yerden kaldırır ve boğar. - 610.
        Busgris - Yunan efsanesine göre zalim bir Mısır kralı; ülkeye gelen bütün yabancıları öldürtür; İsokrates onu erdemliliğe örnek gösterir. - 380, 381.
        Casus - Roma efsanesinin ateş püsküren canavari; Herkül onu topuzla vurarak öldürür. - 610.
        Cuma - Daniel Defoe'nun Robinson Crusoe adli romanındaki kişilerden. 302.
        Cupido - Roma aşk tanrisi. - 634.
        Daedalus - Yunan efsanesinde mimarlık ustası. - 421.
        Dogberry - Shakespeare'in Much Ado About Nothing ("Hiç Uğruna Çok Gürültü") adlı yapıtındaki kişilerden; pısırık, içigeçmiş bir memura alay etmek için takılan ad. - 98, 437, 618.
        Don Quijote - Cervantes'in aynı adlı satirik romanının kahramanı. - 97.
        Eckart (Ekkehart) - Alman halk efsanesinin vefalı kişisi. - 289.
        Faust - Goethe'nin aynı adlı trajedisinin baş kahramanı. - 101, 610.
        Fortunatus - Alman halk efsanesinin kişilerinden; asla boşalmayan bir para kesesi vardir. 469, 665.
        Georg (Sankt Georg) - Ak bir atın üstünde ve mızrakla bir ejdarhayı öldürürken betimlenmiştir. - 45.
        Gerion - Yunan efsane kişisi; üç gövdeli bir devdir; Herkül onun sigirlarini alip götürür ve onu okla öldürür. - 610.
        Gobseck - Balzac'ın romanındaki cimri tefeci. - 606.
        Hephaestos - Yunan Ateş ve Demircilik Tanrisi. - 421,
        Herkül (Herakles) - Yunan efsane kahramanı; Zeus'un oğlu; kuvvetin ve direncin cisimlenmesi sayılır, - 436, 610.
        Hurtig - Shakespeare'in "Kral Dördüncü Henry"sindeki kişilerden. - 62.
        Ibrahim - Tevrat'taki kişilerden; Hebraeer'in dedesi. - 598.
        Isa - 273.
        lshak - Tevrat'taki kişilerden; Ibrahim'in oglu. - 598.
        Jupiter - Üstün Roma Tanrısı. - 378, 593.
        Kain - Tevrat'taki kişilerden; Adem'in oglu. - 767.
        Maritorne - Cervantes'in satirik romanı "Don Quijete"un kişilerinden. - 100.
        Moloch - Asur ve Fenike Doğa ve Sıcaklık Tanrısı; insan kurban edilerek tapınılır; bu ad sonradan, kudurgun, zalim, sayısız kurban isteyen bir iktidar anlamına kullanılmıştır, - 675.
        Moses (Musa) - Tevrat'taki kişilerden; Yahudi yasakoyucusu ve peygamber. - 389, 790.
        Paulus - İncil'deki kişiIerden biri. - 634.
        Perseus - Yunan efsane kişilerinden, Zeus'un oglu. - 17.
        Petrus - İncil'deki kişilerden. - 118.
        Plutus (Pluton) - Yunan Zenginlik ve Ölüler Alemi Tanrısı. - 147
        Polonius - Shakespeare'in Hamlet'indeki kişilerden biri. - 287.
        Prometheus - Yunan efsane kişisi; Zeus'tan ateşi çalar ve insanlara getirir bunun için bir kayaya zincirlenir. - 663.
        Robinson Crusoe - Daniel Defoe'nun bir romanının adı. - 91, 93, 302.
        Sabala - Hint mitolojisinde tanrılık; insanlara bir inek kılığında görünür. - 593.
        Sancho Panza - Cervantes'in satirik romanındaki kişilerden. - 62.
        Sangrado - Lesage'nin "Gil Blas" adlı romanındaki kişilerden; hekim. - 726.
        Seacoal - Shakespeare'in Much Ado About adlı yapıtındaki kişilerden; gece bekçisi. - 98.
        Shylock - Shakespeare'in Venedik Taciri adlı dramındaki kişilerden biri; taş yürekli tefeci. - 301, 701.
        Sikes, Bill - Charles Dickens'in Oliver Twist adlı romanındaki kişilerden biri; bir katil hırsız. - 453. (sayfa 819)
        Sisyphus - Yunan efsane kişisi; Korent Krali; tanrilara hainliginden ötürü, yeraltinda sürekli aşagi yuvarlanan bir kayayi yeryüzüne çikarmaya yargilanir. - 148, 434.
        Tepegöz (Cyclop) - Yunan efsanesinin, alnında bir tek gözü bulunan devi. 267, 275.
        Thor - Alman efsanesinin Gök Gürültüsü Tanrısı; gök gürleten tokmağı her vuruştan sonra eline geri döner. - 399.
        Ulysses (Odysseus) - Homerus'un Odysse adlı destanının baş kahramanı. - 268.
        Vişnu - Hint dininde en yüce tanrılardan biri. - 614.
        Yahova - Yahudi dininin en yüce tanrısı. - 375.
        Yakup - Tevrat'taki kişilerden; Ishak'in oglu. - 598. (sayfa 820)



ÖTEKİ DİLLERDEKİ SÖZCÜK,
TERİM VE DEYİMLER

      ad absurdum
- anlamsızca, saçma olarak
      ad infinitum
- sonsuza dek
      all convertible securities of a current character
- cari nitelikteki bütün çevrilebilir senetler
      Bandes Noires
- Vurguncular Birliği
      bill brokers
- borsa simsarları
      bona fide
- iyi niyetle
      brokers
- simsarlar
      capitaliste industriel -
sanayici kapitalist
      canying trade
- komisyonculuk ticareti
      conditio sine qua non
- vazgeçilmez koşul
      commercial distress
- ticari bunalım
      corpore vill -
değeri olmayan cisim
      cost of production
- üretim-maliyeti
      credit gratuit
- karşılıksız kredi
      cultivateur
- çiftçi, tarımcı
      de facto
- fiili olarak
      dej jure
- meşru
      dock warrants
- doklardaki metaların depolama dokümanları
      duplex interesse, damni emergentis et lucri cessantis
- çifte zarar, biri uğranılan kayıp ve biri kaçırılan kazanç fırsatı
      enfaire un livre
- bir kitap yapmak
      eo ipso
- aynı gerçekten
      epitropos
- (eski Yunan'da) sürveyan
      ex contingente necessarium
- raslantıdan zorunluluk yaratmak
      ex professo
- mesleki olarak, açıkça
      ex suis ossibus
- onun kemiklerinden
      familia rustica
- köle ekonomisi
      foux frais
- üretken olmadığı halde zorunlu olan ikincil maliyetler
      fermier généraux, receveurs généraux
- mültezim, genel tahsildar
      floating capital
- dolaşan sermaye
      freehold
- mülk, mülkiyet
      fruges consumere nati
- toprağın meyvelerini tüketime yetenekli
      grösser
- daha büyük
      halte - là!
- dur bakalım!, artık yeter!
      hins ilae lacrime
- bu gözyaşları nereden
      inconvertible
- çevrilemeyen
      in extenso
- tam olarak
      in petto
- hazır, emre hazır
      in statu nascendi
- oluş halinde
      in toto -
tamamıyla
      issue department
- tedavül şubesi
      la terre capital
- sermaye olarak toprak, toprak-sermaye
      l'illustre
- ünlü, şanlı
      mala fides
- kötü niyet
      mere a question of capital
- sırf bir sermaye sorunu
      moneyed capital
- nakdi sermaye
      nota bene
- önemli not, dikkat edilsin
      natural price
- doğal-fiyat
      naturaliter
- doğal olarak
      non verum, sed phantasticum interesse
- gerçek olmayan, hayali zararlar
      par excellence
- en üstün, en yetkin
      paralogism
- yanıltıcılık
      per se
- bizatihi, kendisi
      pere
-baba
      pia corpora -
hayır kurumları
      prima facie
- ilk bakışta
      prix necessaire
- zorunlu fiyat
      pro parte
- kendi hesabına
      pro rata
- orantılı olarak, herkese düşen pay oranında
      pro tanto
- o ölçüde, o kadar
      profit upan alienation
- devir ve ferağa dayanan kâr
      public companies
- halka açık şirketler
      public deposits
- devlet mevduatı
      punctum saliens
- sorunun özü
      quid pro quo
- elçabukluğu
      regisseur
- yönetmen yardımcısı
      rudis indigastaque moles
- o vahşi ve karmakarışık madde kitlesi
      sauve que peut
- can telaşı
      securities in reserve
- ihtiyat olarak tutulan tahvil ve senetler
      self-sustaining self
- kendi geçimini kendi sağlayan
      servum pecus imitatorum
- taklitçi köleler
      shopkeeper
- dükkancı
      sine qua non
- zorunlu koşul
      small-burgher
- küçük kasabalı
      small profits and quick returns
- küçük kârlar ve hızlı devirler
      stock-jobbers
- borsa spekülatörleri
      sub specie
- alt türler
      sui generis
- eşsiz, tek
      the circulation is full, money is plentiful
- dolaşım dolu, para bol
      the circulation is low, money is scarce
- dolaşım düşük, para kıt
      travailleur
- emekçi
      travailleur par excellence
- en üstün emekçi
      tutti quanti
- ne varsa hepsi, kimler varsa herkes, vesaire
      un consapute sofisma
- bilinçli bilgiçlik
      valeur intrinseque
- gerçek değerler
      vivre en travaillant
- kendi emeğiyle yaşamak
      voila ce que parler veut dire
- işte size dört dörtlük bir söz
      vulgus
- halk, çokluk, yığın
      wages of superintendence
- denetim ücretleri
      tocoV - faiz ve döl


AGIRLIK, UZUNLUK, ALAN, SIGA VE PARA
ÖLÇÜLERI
AGIRLIK ÖLÇÜLERI
Tonne (ton)
=
1016,05 kg.
Hundredweight (cwt.)
=
50,802 kg.
Quarter (qrtr., qrs.)
=
2,700 kg.
Stone
=
6.350 kg.
Pfund (pound)
=
453,592 gr.
Unze (ounce)
=
28,349 gr.
Pfund (troy pound)
=
372,242 gr.
Unze (troy ounce)
=
31,103 gr.
Gran (grain)
=
0,065 gr.
UZUNLUK ÖLÇÜLERI
Ingiliz mili
=
1609,329 m.
Yarda
=
91,439 cm.
Foot, ayak
=
30,480 cm.
Inch, parmak
=
2,540 cm.
Elle (Prusya)
=
66,690 cm.
ALAN ÖLÇÜLERI
acre, akr
=
4046,7 m2
ree
=
1011,7 m2
Rute
=
14.21 m2
Ar
=
100 m2
Jugerum (Mz. jugera)
=
2523 m2
SIGA ÖLÇÜLERI
Bushel
=
36,349 1.
Gallon
=
4,544 1.
Pint
=
0.59 1.

 

PARALAR*

Pound sterlin (£)
=
20 şilin
20,43 Mark
Şilin
=
12 peni
1,02 Mark
Peni
=
4 farthing
8,51 Fenik
Farthing
=
1/4 peni
2,12 Fenik
Dolar ($)
=
100 sent
4,20 Mark
Frank (fr.)
=
100 santim
80 Fenik
Centim (c. santim) (Fransiz ufaklik para)
=
 
0,8 Fenik
Livre (Fransiz gümüş sikkesi)
=
1 frank
80 Fenik
Taler (1873'e kadar Prusya parasi)
=
30 gümüş kuruş
3,00 Mark
Guinee (guinca)
=
21 şilin
21,45 Mark
Soverign (Ingiliz altin sikkesi)
=
1 sterlin
20,43 Mark
Cent (Sent. Amerikan sikkesi)
=
 
ca. 4,2 Fenik
Drahmi (eski Yunan gümüş sikkesi)
     
Duka (Avrupa'da altin sikke, Italyan kökenli)
   
ca. 9 Mark
Maravedi (Ispanyol sikkesi)
   
. 6 Fenik
Rei, reis (Portekiz sikkesi)
   
. 0,45 Fenik
* Mark ve fenik üzerinden hesaplama, 1871 yilina aittir (1 Mark l/2790 kg. saf altin).

(sayfa 837)



KISALTMALAR

        art. (artikel) - makale
        Bd. (Band) - cilt
        b. (book) - kitap
        Buch - kitap
        cf. - karşilaştir
        ch., chap., cap. (chapter, chapitre, caput) - bölüm
        d.d. (de dato) - düzenlendiği günden beri
        éd., ed. (édition) - baskı
        edit. - yayımlayan
        Heft - fasikül
        H. o. C. (House of Commons) - İngiliz Avam Kamarası
        ib., ibid. (ibidem) - yanı yerde
        id. (idem) - aynı
        Kap. (Kapitel) - bölüm
        l.c. (loco citato) - adı geçen yapıt, yazı, yer
        l., lib. (liber) - kitap
        M. P. (Member of Parlament) - parlamento üyesi
        n°, no - numara
        NB (nota bene) - dikkat ediniz, önemli not
        p., pag. (page, pagina) - sayfa
        partie - kısım
        pass. (passim) - şurda burda, daginik olarak
        sc. (scilicet) - çünkü
        sect. (section) - kesim
        sq. (sequens) - izleyen sayfa
        sqq., seqq. (sequentes) - izleyenler, izleyen sayfalar
        S. (Seite) - sayfa
        t. (tom, tome) - cilt
        trad. (traducteur, traduction) - çeviren, çeviri
        v., vol. (volume) - cilt
       
        bkz: - bakınız
        c. - cilt
        -ç. - çeviren
        -Ed. - yayımcı, editör
        karş: - karşilaştiriniz
        s. - sayfa (sayfa 838)





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